Shades of Gray… you want 50 to inspire passion? Forget about it. I got 256.
Colorful ladies in a world of black and white. The Goddess-Collective
(left to right: Jessica “Harley”, Jillian V, Wonderhussy and Jessica Dawn)
Before full-color, high-resolution, and the advent of high-definition, there was only black & white [b/w]. Drawings, photography, and then movies were all created in b/w. Of course, paintings have been created in color for centuries, but movies, partly because it was all that technology was capable of, existed for decades as black and white and its various shades of gray. And it was great! Of course, I grew up with B/W television and movies, so in many ways, they are still very dear to me. I don’t think the Twilight Zone or old Bogart movies would be the same in color. They would lack that certain drama that only happens in shades of gray.
SOLITAIRE – original painting by A.D. Cook – 24″ x 72″, acrylic on canvas
Also dear to my heart is black & white /grayscale art. As a young artist, I learned to draw with good old fashion #2 pencils on plain white paper. I still love to draw. And I thoroughly enjoy creating paintings in black and white, along with the occasional monochromatic artworks. I think in a lot of ways it leads more to the imagination than full-color creations.
OBLIVIOUS – original painting by A.D. Cook – 24″ x 72″, acrylic on canvas
Creating art in black and white affords a better understanding of the underlying tonal differences that define shape and contour. Like drawing, the process of building layers of pigment produces darker shades of gray.
Work in process — pencil drawing in black and white.
The process of drawing allows for a better understanding of tonal ranges. With drawing, like photography, lighter tones have the appearance of being more forward – hence highlights are in whites. Good old-fashion pencil drawing is still one of the best ways to learn about grayscale tonal values. It’s essential for artists (and photographers) to understand the power of tone alone. Centuries ago, artists who also instructed, like Leonardo da Vinci for example, would only allow their students to create monochromatic drawings until the tone was fully understood. Only then, were they allowed to explore color.
Naturally, B/W is ideal for fine art photography – especially figurative work. I often convert my color photography with models to B/W images. Everything changes. I find that I tend to crop images differently for black and white as opposed to when I’m cropping color. Just that mindset of going from color to B/W changes everything in my approach to creating a beautiful image.
B/W is amazing for landscape photography too, adding drama to a shot.
We’re all familiar with the beautiful photography of American photographer and environmentalist Ansel Adams (1902-1984). His black-and-white landscape photographs of the American West, especially Yosemite National Park, have been widely reproduced on calendars, posters, and books.
Moon and Half Dome by Ansel Adams, 1960
There are two main reasons, according to an expert source, why Adams preferred black and white. The first was that he felt color could be distracting, and could, therefore, divert an artist’s attention away from achieving his full potential when taking a photograph. Adams actually claimed that he could get “a far greater sense of ‘color’ through a well-planned and executed black-and-white image than [he had] ever achieved with color photography”.
The second reason was that Adams was a “master of control”. He wrote books about technique, developed the “Zone System”— something which helped determine the optimal exposure and development time for a given photograph—and introduced the idea of “previsualization”, which involved the photographer imagining what he wanted his final print to look like before he even took the shot. These concepts and methods allowed for nearly total control of all the potential variables that factor into a final print. Because of his love for control, Adams disliked color since it lacked this element that he had mastered with black and white. ( source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ansel_Adams )
I hope that my work will encourage self expression in others and stimulate the search for beauty and creative excitement in the great world around us.
— Ansel Adams
B/W photo of model Jess Robinson by A.D. Cook ©
In the world of printing “grayscale” refers to all the variables of tone between BLACK and WHITE. In printing, it’s referred to as halftones. Grayscale images have many shades of gray in between – 256 in all, including black and white. Grayscale images that are a color variation (like the one below) are also referred to as monochromatic, denoting the presence of only one (mono) color (chrome). The best results come when the maximum range of gray tones, from the deepest shadows to the brightest highlights, is achieved. So, a photo like my shots of Jess (above and below), would ideally have a nice range of whites, some deep blacks, and a full tonal range in between.
Monochromatic photo of model Jess Robinson by A.D. Cook ©
When designing my paintings, I’ll often start with one of my photos. Typically, I’ll convert it to B/W and sometimes various shades of monochromatic so I can get an idea of what it feels like in different colors, which can affect the feeling of the finished work. Blues are soothing, reds represent power, and so on. But often (more often than not anyway), I return to pure B/W, especially for my photos.
B/W grayscale – 256 shades from <<- dark to light – >>
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In photography and computing, a grayscale digital image is an image in which the value of each pixel is a single sample, that is, it carries only intensity information. Black-and-white images are composed exclusively of shades of gray, varying from black at the weakest intensity to white at the strongest. ( source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grayscale )
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